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Khilji Dynasty [A. D. 1290 TO 1320]

Khilji Dynasty [A. D. 1290 TO 1320] Jalaluddin Firozshah Khalji During the reign of the sultans of the so-called slave dynasty, Khaljis were very popular.  They occupied various significant posts in the administration of the slave rulers. In the year      A.D.1290 one Jalaluddin Khalji after dethroning the weak sultan of the slave dynasty, Kaiqubad, captured […]

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Kadaiyan

Kadaiyan The name, Kadaiyan, meaning last or lowest, occurs as a sub-division of the Pallans. The Kadaiyans are described of as being lime (shell) gatherers and burners of Ramesvaram and the neighborhood, from whose ranks the Paravas are in part recruited at the present day. On the coasts of Madura and Tinnevelly they are mainly […]

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Pre Historic Period of Tamil Nadu

Pre Historic Period of Tamil Nadu Civilization The pre-historic age was the longest period of mankind. To study the history of the pre-historic man, sources like literature, inscription and coins were not available. In the absence of such sources, we can trace the history of pre-historic period only with the help of certain common features […]

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The Chakkiliyans – leather workers

The leather-workers ” The Chakkiliyans,” Mr. H. A. Stuart writes,”are the leather-workers of the Tamil districts, corresponding to the Madigas of the Telugu country. The Chakkiliyans appear to be immigrants from the Telugu or Canarese districts, for no mention is made of this caste either in the early Tamil inscriptions, or in early Tamil literature. […]

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Adi – the primitive or original

The name of a division of Linga Balijas, and of Velamas who have abandoned the practice of keeping their females gosha (in seclusion). It is also applied by the Chenchus to the original members of their tribe, from whom the manlion Narasimha obtained his bride Chenchita. Keywords: Linga Balijas, Chenchus, females gosha, Chenchita. Reference: Thurston, […]

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Adaviyar the Tamil-speaking weavers

Adaviyar or Ataviyar is the name of a class of Tamil-speaking weavers found in the Tanjore and Tinnevelly districts. Keywords: Adaviyar, Ataviyar, Tanjore, Tinnevelly. Reference: Thurston, Edgar; K. Rangachari (1909). Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume I – A and B. Madras: Government Press

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Balijas the Cultivators

Balijas though generally known as trading castes were also known to be cultivators. In their customs there was very little difference between the Kapus and Balijas. The general name or title among the Balijas was Naidu. The name Balija was said to be derived from the Sanskrit Bali (sacrifice) and ja (born) signifying that the […]

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Adapapa the female attendants

Adapapa the female attendants Returned in the Madras Census Report, 1901, as a sub-caste of Balija. The name is applied to female attendants on the ladies of the families of Zamindars, who, as they are not allowed to marry, lead a life of prostitution. Their sons call themselves as Balijas.   Keywords: Adapapa, Zamindars, Balija, […]

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Expedition of Somnath

Somnath was famous then, as a great Shiva shrine described in detail in the Skanda Purana of the 9th century A.D. and also mentioned by Al-Beruni both as a sacred place and a resort of pirates. The expedition of Somnath was the crowning event in the idol – breaking and plundering career of Mahmud of […]

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