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MALAYSIA

Introduction The peninsula of Malaysia occupied a very important among the states of S. E. Asia.  This comprises of 11 states of Jonor, Pehang, Negeru, Sembian, Selangor, Perak, Kadah, Perlis, Kelanton, Trengganu, Penang & Melekah.  Malaysia is the world’s largest producer of rubber & tin. The Malayans proper (a southern branch of the mongoloid race) […]

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NATIONALISM IN INDONESIA

Capital of Indonesia – Jakarta.  Indonesia formerly known as the Netherlands Indies which is  composed of a group of island of which Sumatra, Java, Mathura, Bali, Celebes, are very large.  This archipelago extends from Malaya to New Guinea.  Along the equator in the Hinduism & Buddhism were religions of the people.  From the 15th century […]

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INDO CHINA WAR (1962)

INTRODUCTION India and china are the two Trans Himalayan Asian giants. They have historical and cultural links. India became independent in 1947 and china in 1949. In October 1950 china established military control over Tibet. Chinese invasion of Tibet was a prelude to the invasion of India. CAUSES OF THE WAR DIFFERENCES OVER THE MAP […]

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Nehru, the Architect of Modern India

Nehru Vision and Values: Jawaharlal Nehru was a nation builder par excellence. He had the perception of a united, integrated, strong and stable India and cherished and nourished the values of liberal democracy, democratic, socialism, secularism, scientific approach and world outlook. Integration of India: The first task of the first Prime Minister of India, Nehru […]

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Making of the Constitution

THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY:                       The Constitutional Assembly was constituted in November 1946 under the Cabinet Mission Plan. The British Government’s policy statement of June 1947 decided the issue of framing a Constitution by the Constitution Assembly. In all, the constitution Assembly had 11 sessions over two years, eleven months and eighteen days. It held its […]

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Freedom Movements – Revolutionary Movements

Revolutionary movements outside India        During this period, revolutionary activities and propaganda were conducted Indians settled in abroad especially in the United Kingdom, the USA, France, Afghanistan and Germany.         The Indian home rule society, one of the earliest revolutionary societies outside India, was founded by Shyamji Krishna Varma who had settled in London in […]

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Indo-Pak War, 1970

Indo-Pak Relations The Mantle of implementing the Tashkent Agreement fell on Prime Minister Indra Gandhi. She took several steps to normalize relations with Pakistan. On 15 August 1968, she offered to sign a “No-War” Pact with Pakistan. She also proposed the creation of a Joint-Machinery for going into the outstanding issues between the two countries. […]

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Indira Gandhi: First Woman Prime Minister, 1966-1971

Shastri’s Successor After the unexpected death of Lal Bahadur Shastri, on 10 Jan, 1966, the search for new successor started. There were 7 aspirants for the post of 2rd Prime Minister – Desai, Indira, Nanda, Chavan, S.K.Patil, Sanjiv Reddy and Kamaraj. Kamaraj for reasons better known to himself he withdrew from the contest. Desai insisted […]

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Indian Prime ministers 1947 – Till date

Prime Ministers in India Narendra Modi – 2014 till date Manmohan Singh – 2004-14 Atal Bihari Vajpayee – 1998-2004 IK Gujral – 1997-98 HD Deve Gowda – 1996-97 AB Vajpayee – 1996 PV Narasimha Rao – 1991-96 Chandra Shekhar – 1990-91 VP Singh – 1989-90 Rajiv Gandhi – 1984-89 Indira Gandhi – 1980-84 Charan Singh […]

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