Allan Octavian Hume (A.O.Hume) (1829-1922)

A British civil servant in India, who after his retirement from service in 1822 worked for India’s political claims and is known as the “ Father and Founder” of the INC. Hume was the guiding spirit in the starting years of the INC. He had studied medicine and surgery and was a great naturalist and botanist.

Foundation of Indian National Congress – 1885

Allan Octavian Hume (A.O.Hume), a restricted British member of Indian Civil Service who had settled at Simla, founded the Indian National Union, the forerunner of Indian Nation Congress in 1884. After touring Calcutta, Bombay and Madras, Hume announced that a conference of the Indian Nationl Union would be held at Pune in December, which would be composed of educated delegates of all parts of the three presidencies. But cholera having broken out at Pune, the venue of the conference was shifted to Tejpal Sanskrit Pathshal, Bombay. The first session of the Indian National Congress was held on December 28, 1885. At the suggestion of Dadhabai Naoroji the name of the organization was changed to Indian Nation Congress (INC). Womesh Chandra Bannerjee, a leading lawyer of Calcutta was elected its president.

Keywords: Allan Octavian Hume (A.O.Hume), Indian Nation Congress, Dadhabai Naoroji, Indian Nationl Union