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Lord Canning

Lord Canning’s rule was a very eventful period. It witnessed radical changes in the British administrative policies in India. After the suppression of the revolt of 1857 the act of 1858 was passed, which laid down that “India shall be governed by and in the name of the (British) sovereign through one of the principal […]

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Foreign Policy of Indira Gandhi, 1966-1977

Non-Alignment The policy of Non-Alignment is the bed-rock of India’s foreign policy, it was also followed by Indira Gandhi as her predecessors, Nehru and Shastri did. In the 1950s and 1960s, several African countries had gained independence from colonial rule. Indira Gandhi realized the political and economic importance of these countries. Indira Gandhi boosted the […]

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History Feminist Associations of India

The primary goals of most women’s associations were to improve women’s literacy and health by abolishing child marriage, enforced widowhood, and purdah. Imitating Ramabai’s Arya Mahila Samaj, elite women formed similar sectarian and local organizations. In 1886, Swarnakumari Debi (1856–1932), Rabindranath Tagore’s sister, started Sakhi Samiti (Women’s Friendship League)to spread knowledge among women and widows. In […]

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Feminism and Indian nationalists

The platform of women’s rights was central to the nineteenth-century social reform movement, which crystallized both nationalist aspirations and feminist responses to patriarchy. In the twentieth-century nationalist upsurge, Indian women mobilized against colonial rule. When independence was granted in 1947, they achieved important rights. Colonial Constructions of Gender Women’s rights were first advocated in India […]

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BACTRIA

The region between the Hindu Kush Mountains and the river Amu Darya (Oxus) is called Bactria. Its old capital, Bactra, was located near the present city of Mazar-e-Sharif in northern Afghanistan. Another important center of this area is Balkh, a town 15.5 miles (25 km) to the west of Mazar-e-Sharif. The Mughal prince Aurangzeb ended […]

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BABUR Mughal Dynasty in India

BABUR (1483–1530), founding emperor of the Mughal dynasty in India. A Chaghtai Turk, Zahir-ud- Din Muhammad, known as Babur (“the Tiger”), was a fearless soldier, adventurer, poet, and diarist. His Tuzu-i- Babri (Memoirs of Babur), written in Turki, the diary he kept throughout his life, is one of the great works of historical literature. Babur’s […]

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ABDUL KALAM, AVUL PAKIR JAINULABDEEN (A. P. J.) (15 oct 1931–27th jul 2015),11th president of India (2002–2007).

Born in Tamil Nadu in 1931 to a poor working-class Muslim family, Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam became India’s eleventh president in 2002, the third Muslim to serve as the head of India’s republic. A distinguished prominent scientist and administrator, Abdul Kalam had no political experience prior to his election as president. His unpretentious, […]

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