Fundamental Rights at a Glance

Fundamental Rights at a Glance

Category Consists of

  1. Right to equality

(Articles 14–18)

(a) Equality before law and equal protection of laws (Article 14).

(b) Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15).

(c) Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (Article 16).

(d) Abolition of untouchability and prohibition of its practice (Article 17).

(e) Abolition of titles except military and academic (Article 18).

 

  1. Right to freedom

(Articles 19–22)

(iv) movement, (v) residence, and (vi) profession (Article 19).

(b) Protection in respect of conviction for offences (Article 20).

(c) Protection of life and personal liberty (Article 21).

(d) Right to elementary education (Article 21A).

(e) Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases (Article 22).

 

  1. Right against

exploitation (Articles

23–24)

(a) Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour (Article 23).

(b) Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc. (Article 24).

  1. Right to freedom of

religion (Article 25–28)

(a) Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion (Article 25).

(b) Freedom to manage religious affairs (Article 26).

(c) Freedom from payment of taxes for promotion of any religion (Article 27).

(d) Freedom from attending religious instruction or worship in certain educational institutions (Article 28).

  1. Cultural and

educational rights

(Articles 29–30)

(a) Protection of language, script and culture of minorities (Article 29).

(b) Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions (Article 30).

 

Right to property (Article 31)

 

  1. Right to constitutional

remedies (Article 32)

Right to move the Supreme Court for the enforcement of fundamental rights including the writs of (i)

habeas corpus, (ii) mandamus, (iii) prohibition, (iv) certiorari, and (v) quo war-rento (Article 32).

 

(a) Protection of six rights regarding freedom of: (i) speech and expression, (ii) assembly, (iii) association,

Table  7.2 Fundamental Rights (FR) of Foreigners

FR available only to citizens and not to foreigners FR available to both citizens and foreigners

(except enemy aliens)

  1. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place

of birth (Article 15).

2

  1. Equality before law and equal protection of

laws (Article 14).

  1. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (Article 16). 2. Protection in respect of conviction for

offences (Article 20).

  1. Protection of six rights regarding freedom of : (i) speech and expression, (ii)

assembly, (iii) association, (iv) movement, (v) residence, and (vi) profession

(Article 19).

  1. Protection of life and personal liberty (Article

21).

  1. Protection of language, script and culture of minorities (Article 29). 4. Right to elementary education (Article 21A).
  2. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions (Article 5. Protection against arrest and detention in

30). certain cases (Article 22).

  1. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and

forced labour (Article 23).

  1. Prohibition of employment of children in

factories etc., (Article 24).

  1. Freedom of conscience and free profession,

practice and propagation of religion (Article

25).

  1. Freedom to manage religious affairs (Article

26).

  1. Freedom from payment of taxes for promotion

of any religion (Article 27).

  1. Freedom from attending religious instruction or

worship in certain educational institutions

(Article 28).