The Bandung conference which is otherwise known as the Asian-African conference was convened on April 18, 1955 and continued up to April 24, 1955, at Bandung in Indonesia. The proposal of such a conference was represented by 29 Asian African countries at the 1st meeting of the Colombo powers during April – May 1954. No European power including soviet Russia was invited to this meeting. Some afro-Asian countries like nationalist china, Israel and south Africa were also excluded from this conference.
The conference: this conference was inaugurated by president Sukarno of Indonesia. Dr. Ali Sastroamidjojo, the P.M. of Indonesia was unanimously elected as the chairman of the conference (he laid stress on the co-operation among all the afro-Asian countries).
Aims of this conference:
To promote goodwill and co-operation among the nations of Asia & Africa for exploring and advancing their mutual and common interest and for establishing further friendship and neighborly relations.
To consider social, economic & cultural problems in relation to the countries represented.
To consider problems of special interest to Asia and African people.
To view the position of Asia & Africa and their peoples in the present day world and the contribution. They can make to the promotion of world peace & co-operation.
Discussions of the conference: most of the work of the conference was done in atmosphere of cordiality. Sir. John Kotelawala P.M. Of Ceylon, declared that “the great teachers of all religions are agreed that it is not through hatred and violence but through compassion, peace and goodwill, the mankind can find salvation”.
The conference endorsed the Panch Shela formulated in the Sino-Indian agreement (1954 June). It was accepted by Burma, Vietnam, Yugaslavia, Poland, Austria and Egypt. The conference reinforced the Panch Sheela by adding it into two more significant principles. Such as respect for fundamental human rights and settlements of all international disputes by peaceful means.
There was a general desire for economic co-operation among the participating nations on the basis of mutual interests on the basis of mutual interests and respect for national sovereignty. The conference also emphasized the importance of the development of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes for Asia and Africa. The conference recognized the fact that among the most powerful means of promoting understanding among the afro-Asian nations is development of cultural co-operation.
Significance: the B.D. conference was a unique & significant event in the history of modern Asia and may be looked upon as inaugurating a new age in the history of the world. The importance of the 1st time that the independent countries of Asia and Africa met together for a discussion of their common policy based on their common interests.
It was an assertion of the complete independence of Asia from the strings of the old imperial power. It marked a new solidarity between vast groups of emancipated nations and demonstrated their new-found confidence in their international personality. But there are many cross-currents and wide differences in policies and outlook which could not be harmonized easily.