Short Notes on History of Chennai

The name of the place is derived from a Welsh merchant named Thomas Parry.
Thomas Parry set up a EID Parry company in the year 1787.
This place is a important center for commercial banking and trading and also a major hub for intra-city buses.
Royapuram is most known for its Royapuram Railway Station.
Royapuram Railway Station is the oldest railway station in south India which was opened in 1856.
It is also the oldest surviving railway station in the Indian subcontinent.
3. Binny & Co.
Binny and Co. was founded by John Binny in Madras in the year 1797.
Binny and Co. is a shipping, textile, banking and insurance company based in Madras.
It is one of the oldest business companies in Madras and Indian subcontinent.
4. Spencer Plaza
The Spencer Plaza was established by Charles Durant and J.W.Spencer in Anna Salai, Madras Presidency.
It was built in the year 1863-1864.
It was built during the period of British Raj.
It is the oldest shopping mall in India.
It is an example of Indo-Saracenic style of architecture.
5. Mayor
The corporation of Madras is the second oldest in the world and first in India.
The Corporation of Madras was inaugurated on 29 September 1688 based on a charter issued by James II King of England.
The corporation of a city or town is headed by the mayor.
The mayor is the first citizen of the city.
6. Higginbotham
Higginbotham is the oldest existing bookshop in India.
It was found by Abel Joshua Higginbotham.
It was found in the year 1844 in Madras Presidency, British Raj.
Higginbotham has a total of 22 branches in India.
7. Kalidas
Kalidas was the first sound film to be made in Tamil and the whole south India.
It was released on 31st October 1931.
It was based on the sanskrit poet Kalidas.
The movie was directed by H.M.Reddy and produced by Ardeshir Irani.
8. Bharathiyar Illam
The Bharathiyar Illam is located at Triplicane, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
Bharathiyar Illam is the house in Chennai where Subramanya Bharathi, the great Tamil poet spent his final years of his life.
It was open for public only since 2 October 1993.
9. Bharatanatyam
The Bharatanatyam is a major or popular genre of Indian classical dance which originated in Tamil Nadu.
It’s existence is marked in the ancient Tamil epic ‘Silappathikaram’ during the period of 2nd century CE.
Bharatanatyam could possibly be the oldest classical dance in India.