The purposes of tourism are many. Accordingly different types of tourism emerge, such as:
9. RELIGIOUS TOURISM
From ancient to present times, religion has been a motive force for tourism. Every religion has cast upon its followers some duties that involve travel and tourism. Religious holidays abound these days facilitating people to undertake travel. Thus religious tourism (pilgrimage) emerges. In India the domestic tourism is almost a religious tourism. Temple towns are popular for their tourist attractions.
10 PLEASURE TOURISM
Pleasure and leisure are basic pulls of tourism. Travel is a pleasure, in spite of bottlenecks and difficulties. Man is wanderlust. He wants to move from place to place that is a pleasure or fun for him. Hence pleasure tourism results.
11 EDUCATIONAL TOURISM
Educational pursuits do propel the tourism industry. In pursuit of knowledge people travel far and wide. In ancient times scholars and pundits kept on travelling. Travel makes a person wiser; it is said that travel itself is educative. Hence educational tourism is a prime type. With the teaming student population in the country, and growing awareness of the value of education, educational tourism is assuming importance.
12 BUSINESS TOURISM
Business tourism is a fast growing tourism segment. For effective business deals, people travel intensively and extensively. In fact most of the luxury hotels are patronised by business tourists, either because they have the money or are paid by their employers. Business conventions are another pull factor. Hence business tourism is developing fast.
13 HEALTH TOURISM
People undertake travel for health reasons. With health care facilities concentrated in fewer places, or due to uniqueness of some health centres, the health conscious people have to move out to these places. It is growing tourism segment in these days. In ancient times also health tourism was present. The affluent visited health spas regularly.
14 ADVENTURE TOURISM
People interested in adventure go on adventure such as mountaineering, trekking, skiling, ski mountaineering, etc, Every bit of nature, the rivers, hills, seas, etc, provides scope for adventures. And adventure tourism thus grows.
15 SPORTS TOURISM
Sporting has become a regular activity these days. International and national sport meets are great attraction for people. It may be noted over half-a-dozen. 5-star hotels were constructed in delhi on the eve of Asian Games held during 1982 in India. Sports tourism results by the movement of both players and sports admires to places where sport events are held.
16. RESORT TOURISM
Beach resorts and hill resorts are a great attractions. While beaches attract round the year, hill resorts have seasonal pulls. Tourism practiced by visits to these resorts is called as resort tourism. India has much potentials for resort tourism.
17. CONFERENCE/CONVENTION TOURISM
Of course national and international conferences, seminars, symposium, convention have become major tourist pullers. All over the world hoteliers have developed convention halls to facilitate the conduct of conferences, conventions, etc, India Convention Promotion Bureau (ICPB) is promoting India as an international convention centre. And that convention tourism is a growing segment of tourism.
18 WILD TOURISM
Wild-life viewing is thrilling, inspiring and interesting. Many tours are built around different sanctuaries and national parks. Young and old, alike, like wildlife tourism very much and that several tourist centres have excellent and even unusual zoos where visitors can see wildlife more easily, including some rare endangered species. Trivandram zoo in Kerala, Vandaloor zoo at Madras etc. are some famous ones in the south attracting large number of visitors daily.
19 ECO-TOURISM OR NATURE TOURISM
Tourism is related to ecology and environment. Tourism depends on these and yet over exploitation is suicidal. Tourists fed up with the ordinary attractions, want more meaningful exposure to places, the flora and fauna in natural settings. The emphasis is on ‘tourism for discovery of the biosphase’. And that eco-tourism gains importance these days.