Religious Policy of Akbar – 4
C. Reading of Khutba [June, 1579]:
On june 1579, Akbar took yet another very bold step. Not caring for the opposition of the orthodox Muslims be displaced the chief Imam of Jama-i-Masjid of Fatehpur Sikhri and himself read the Khutba which had been composed by Faizi.
D. Infallibility decree [September, 1579]:
A few months after the reading of the Khutba Akbar took another measure. He got prepared a document known as Mehazar or Infallibility decree which said that:
1. Akbar is the most just, most wise and most god fearing king.
2. Should there be in future a religious question regarding which the opinions of the Muhajids are at variance, the emperor’s decision will be final and binding on all, provided the decision taken in accordance with the Quoran and for the benefit of the nation.
The infallibility decree is considered to be a great landmark in the development of Akbar’s religious policy. By this decree the king cannot issue orders which could not be challenged. Anybody could challenge them, if they were found contrary to the injunctions of the holy Quoran. Only when the Muslim jurists differed among themselves as to the interpretation of any religious questions then the decision of the emperor was final.