Cause and result of American war Part 2

Quarterins Act

This law required colonies to furnish barracks and certain foods for the troops stationed there to defend them

New York was especially hard hit by the new law because a large no.of troops was assigned there

Loyalty of the great majority

  • The large majority of Americans were still deeply loyal to the government in London
  • These people gave the English government the impression that there would be little resistance to its new polices
  • Even after the revolution broke out, they remained loyal to England and were called Tories

 

The “Little People”, leaders of resistance

  • Most of the people of this group, who resist the England were hurt by the trade laws, the proclamation line the stamp act and the quartering act.
  • The leaders of the little people – mechanics, small shop keepers, and small farmers — disagreed with those who counselled caution. They wanted action
  • Leaders – Samuel Adams in Massachusetts, Patrick Henry in Virginia, Samuel Adams of Boston
  • Samuel Adams and Patrick henry became leaders of the “independents” and wished 13 thirteen colonies to become independent of England
  • They aroused public feeling against the British

 

Agitation against the stamp act

  • Virginia and Massachusetts inspired by the oratory of the “Independents”
  • A set of resolutions against the stamp act was passed by a single vote in the house of Burgesses, was circulated throughout the colonies
  • “No taxation without representation” become a slogan in Massachusetts
  • The declaration of rights and grievances was drawn up, and a petition professing loyalty was sent to the king and parliament
  • The burned heaps of stamps
  • Stamp collectors were handled roughly
  • Workman formed groups calling themselves “Sons of Liberty”
  • 9 colonies sent delegates to the so-called stamp act congress in 1765 to register their protest against the stamp act

 

Repeal of the stamp act and declaratory act:

  • Leading members of the parliament of England- Edmund Bruke, William Pitt, and others – rose to the defense of the Americans
  • British merchants complained that their colonial trade was being hurt
  • The stamp act was repealed in the spring of 1766

 

The Townshend Acts:

  • Townshend who was the chancellor of the king George had passes a series of laws, which laid duties on lead, glass, paper, paint, and tea imported by the colonies
  • The revenue obtained from these duties was to be used to pay salaries to colonial governors, judges, and British troops that were there to protect the colonists

The Boston Massacre

  • In 1770lord north who was the prime minister had parliament repeal all the Townshend duties except that on tea in America, the so called “Boston massacre” took place
  • In March 1770, a brawl outside the custom house began in which soldiers fired on a crowd killing five and wounding several citizens
  • The officers responsible for it were fired by the American jury after a trail

It splendid chance for revolutionary agitators like Richard Samuel and Thomas Jefferson