MANCHURIAN CRISIS – REACTION OF JAPANESE INVASION – Part 2

The Japanese proceedings in Manchuria made terrible reaction in China.  But did not show her recruitment by means of army rather she adopted indirect means for it.  First of China expressed her disagreement by the boycott of Japanese things.  After this an anti-Japanese Nation organization was formed in China.  If there was a doubt about a person being associated with the Japanese, he was not only boycotted socially but also imprisoned, financially punished and awarded death punishment.  As a result of Japanese invasion on Manchuria, national unity was established in China.  In order to force China to give up her boycott movement, Japan threw bomb on Shanghai and demanded to the Chinese officers of Shanghai that they should take stern against the persons concerned with this movement.  Because of the influence of Japan, the boycott movement of China began to lose its grip and the government of Manchukuao began to work properly in Manchuria.

When China failed to prove her influence on Japan in direct conflict, she presented the issue of Manchukuao before the League of Nations and the council of the League of Nations passed resolutions many times regarding Japan’s removal of army from Mukden but Japan did not pay heed to them and ignored these resolutions.  At last the League of Nations formed a commission and its report was accepted by the League of Nations in February 1933 A.D. as result Japan broke her all relations with the League of Nations.  It is clear that which party was benefited or harmed because of this but one thing became quite visible that the League of Nations was a weak organization and it could not force any one to act according to its decisions.

Japan concluded different pact with the government of Manchukuao government for her own personal benefit.  According to these pacts the Manchukuao government following the terms of the treaty of 1815 A.D. leased out Manchurian Railways to Japan for 99 years and gave Liotung Peninsula to her Japan also organized her government in Liotung.  Japan had her control on the police and judicial department of Liotung. Hence taking advantage of the circumstances, Japan increased the number of her soldiers in the army stationed at Kuangtung.  Entire area of Southern Railways and its arrangement was also under the influence of the Japanese.  Hisenking was made the capital of the Manchukuao and a Japanese ambassador was appointed there fifty per cent Japanese citizen were recruited in the higher and lower civil service of Manchukuao government.  Thus the administration of Manchukuao was not their own but of the Japanese as they had monopoly on the significant posts in different departments.

Russia had some privileges in the northern Manchuria but she did not feel it worthwhile to oppose the Japanese.  Russia gave up her all privileges by selling off her share of eastern Chinese railway line. Manchukuao government put this railway line in possession of Japan for 3 crore 50 lac yen and paid this amount to Russia.  After Russia had made her aloof from Manchukuao, Japan no rival, she invested her capital there without any hesitation in different industries and started settling her increasing population in Manchukuao.  Thus gradually Japan established her control over entire Manchuria.  Russia could not tolerate this act of Japan and invaded Japan in 1945 A.D.  Establishing her control over Manchuria she abolished the Manchukuao government.