American History – Harry S Truman – 1

Introduction

  • Harry S Truman succeeded Roosevelt in April 1945 as president
  • He rose to the challenge of the task and by sheer hard work courage and breezy individualism earned a worldwide reputation

 

 Fair deal

  • Soon after japan surrender – fair deal was submitted by Truman to the congress
  • It was a domestic programme which was a reminiscent of the new deal of mid thirties
  • It included –
    • full employment legislation
    • public housing
    • farm price supports
    • nationalization of atomic energy
    • health insurance
    • a permanent fair employment practices commission
    • regional flood control
    • hydroelectric projects
    • federal aid to education
  • Certain suggestions of Truman were accepted by the congress with modifications and certain others were ignored
  • The chief accomplishments of Truman administration in the domestic sphere

 

  1. Maximum employment act 1946
  • Democrats had pledged full employment after the war
  • The administration introduced the full employment bill
  • It was the responsibility of the federal government to maintain the nation’s economic health
  • However the congress did not pass the proposed bill and instead a compromise bill known as the maximum employment act was passed in early 1946
  • By this act prevention of large scale unemployment was made the fundamental national policy
  • A council of economic advisers composed of three members was set up which was to report to the president on the economic state of the nation every three months
  • It suggested a continuous effort to watch over the national economy and to prevent serious depression

 

  1. The atomic energy act 1946
  • Passed in august 1946
  • It ended military control and set up civilian commission with broad powers to control research and manufacture of fissionable materials

 

  1. Demobilization of military
  • The clamour for demobilization was so great that USA faced the danger of having insufficient soldiers to occupy the defeated countries
  • Hence in 1946 the first peace time draft was passed which allowed the conscription of men over 18 for one year

 

  1. G.I bill of rights

In 1944 the congress passed the servicemen’s readjustment act popularly known as the G.I bill of rights

It assisted the veterans in a variety of ways to find employment, education and medical care

Under the provision of this bill the veterans were provided

  • Unemployment insurance of $20 per week for fifty two weeks
  • Government guaranteed loans for business or home building purpose
  • Free education in colleges or vocational schools
  • It was a brilliant measure rendering several million young Americans better prepared to cope with life in an atomic age