American History – Harry S Truman – 2

  1. conomic Transformation
  • During the war time the labour was pad very high wages and was also able to earn a good amount of overtime allowance
  • After the end of the war through the industrialists did not reduce the wages of labour, they cut short their overtime
  • It resulted in large no.of strikes
  • The hardships of the labour were further increased because the congress refused to continue the price controls of the war time as requested by Truman
  • At the same time the cost of living was sharply increasing
  • The real burden was passed on to the consumer in the shape of higher prices and the worst suffers were the middle class citizens with fixed incomes
  • These prices continued to range high till 1948 when the prices started declining because the production had caught up with the demand
  1. Racial problems
  • Although Roosevelt administration had made efforts to climate racial discrimination in matters of employment and issued an order in 1941 which provided that “there shall be no discrimination in the employment of workers in defense ,industries or government because of race creed colour or national origin but it was not fully complied with during the period of war
  • Truman set up a commission on civil rights to implement the policy of eliminating racial discrimination
  • The commission recommended legislation providing federal protection against lynching federal protection of the right to vote and re-establishment of a fair employment practice agency
  • But the bill was killed in the congress through the use of filibustering by the congressmen from south

 

  1. Taft-Hartley Act
  • In the election of 1946 the republicans won control of both the houses of congress and set out to revise the Wagner act and limit the powers of the labour unions
  • This resulted in the passage of Taft-Hartley Act, over the veto of Truman
  • This act was a republican attempt to deprive the labour of certain powers they had gained during the new deal period
  • Provided that the unions could be sued if they violated the contracts
  • Outlawed the closed shop which forbade hiring of non-union men
  • Declared illegal a long list of practice in which unions had frequently engaged like contribution to political campaigns

 

  1. Tax Bill of 1947
  • The congress also passed in 1947 a tax bill which substantially reduced the taxes, especially in the upper income groups. This was greatly opposed by Truman and he voted it. However the congress repassed the bill and over rode the veto.