South East Asia Geography – 4

BURMA
Burma is a small Asian nation bordering India and china. She was a part of India till 1937 and was a part of British imperialism as well. She was declared as an independent country by the Government of India Act, 1935. It has a land area of 261,789 square miles and a population of 20 million people.

Early History : India and Burma have very close contact with each other since long. The west coast of the country known as Arakan is inhabited by Tibet-Burmese while on the east coast lived the Shans. Pagan was the main cultural centre of Burma in the ancient period.

The Mongol Invasions : In the 13th century A.D. Mongols invaded Burma and they established control over larger part of Burma.

The Shan : After Mongols , Shans came to power in Burma, which soon fell to the Mughals.

Rise Of Toungoo : It was the strongest state in Burma in the second half of 16th century. He managed to get assistance of the Portuguese.

War With China : During the 19th century, Burma had to fight a war with China, in which the former was defeated and accepted the supremacy of the latter.