The following are excerpts from the Code of Ethics for Advertising issued by the Advertising Council of India:

o Advertising should be so designed as to confirm not only to the laws but also the moral, aesthetic and religious sentiments of the country.

o No advertisement likely to bring advertising into contempt or disrepute should be permitted. Advertising should not take advantage of the superstition or ignorance of the general public.

o No advertisements of talismans, charms and character reading from photographs or such other matter as will trade on the superstition of general public shall be permitted.

o Advertising should be truthful avoid distorting facts and misleading the public by means of implications and omissions. For instance, it should not mislead the consumer by false

statements as to:

* The character of the merchandise, i.e., its utility, materials, ingredients, origin, etc.;

* The price of the merchandise, its value, its suitability of terms of purchase;

* The services accompanying purchase, including delivery, exchange, return, repair, upkeep, etc.;

* Personal recommendations of the article of service. Testimonials which are fictitious and /or fraudulent or the originals of which cannot be produced must not be used. Anyone using testimonials in advertisements is as responsible for the statements made in them, as he would be if he had made them himself;

* The quality of the value of competing goods or the trustworthiness of statements made by others.

o No advertisement should be permitted to contain any claim so exaggerated as to lead inevitably to disappointment in the mind of the public. Special care is called for in the

following cases:

* Advertisements addressed to those suffering from illness. (In this respect the Code of Standards of Advertising in relation to medicine must be adhered to);

* Advertisements inviting the public to invest money. Such advertisements should not contain statements, which may mislead the public in respect of the security offered, rates of return etc;

* Advertisements inviting the public to take part in lotteries or competitions such as are permitted by law or which hold out the prospects of gifts. Such advertisements should state clearly all the conditions for the lotteries or competition or the conditions for the distribution of the gifts;

* The publication of employment notices requiring fees for application forms, prospects, etc., and security deposits should be forbidden except when such advertisement emanate from governmental or quasi-governmental sources.

o Methods of advertising designed to create confusion of the mind of the consumer as between goods by one maker and another maker are unfair and should not be used.

Such methods may consist in:

* The imitation of the trade mark or name of competitor or the packaging or labelling of goods; or

* The imitation of advertising devices, copy, layouts or slogans.

o Advertising should endeavour to gain the goodwill of the public on the basis of the merits of the goods or services advertised. Direct comparison with competing goods or firms and disparaging references are in no circumstances permitted.

o Vulgar, suggestive, repulsive or offensive themes or treatments should be avoided in all advertisements. This also applies to such advertisements, which in themselves are not objectionable as defined above, but which advertise objectionable books, photographs or other matter and thereby lead to their sale and circulation.

o No advertisement should offer to refund money paid.

o The use of National Emblems is prohibited by law in advertisements, trade marks, etc., except by Governmental agencies. Also the use of the pictures of Mahatma Gandhi, the President, the Vice-President and the Prime Minister of India is forbidden in such advertisements, trade marks, etc., except by previous permission. This rule does not apply to advertising of books, films or other items in which these personages form the chief subject.