Life in Thirteen Colonies

Plantation system in the south:

Agriculture was the main occupation of colony people, in south big farmers invested in supply of slaves. Tobacco, indigo, rice are grown and sold to England in return of manufactured goods.

New England’s Economy:

New England got profit from both land and sea; it had rocky terrain however they grew corn, pumpkin, squash, turnip, wheat, oats and rice. From forest they made ships and other naval requirements where as south raised wheat, barely, tar, turpentine, resin and lumbar. South is good at hunting through which they used to get fur and sold to Indians

Small scale manufacturing:

Small scale manufacturing appeared everywhere during winter season as there was no possibility of plantation.

Social classes fail to become permanent:

There was a class difference between rich and poor and in New York  landed aristocrats came into existence, the practice of primogeniture was not allowed in new England where as it was prevalent in England.

Colonial schools:

In 1847 the Massachuttes passed a first general school law in America, followed by Connecticut (1650), Plymouth (1671), new Hampshire (1689). The main aim of education is to make youth loyal to local government.  Women education was not in existence as they were designed only for household work and private schools maintained by churches.

Higher education:

In 1770 most of the colonies could host a college, to train students to ministry, college education was not bound only between four walls there are some students who are self- learned like Benjamin Franklin.

Books and news paper:

In colonies only rich people had books in their home, first public library was started in Charleston (1648) and a private library in Philadelphia (1731). By 1750, 37 newspaper came into existence and mostly newspaper were established in large towns, there was a strict censorship on news papers.

Advance in science:

The renaissance of scientific revolution in Europe had its impact on America as some organisation like Franklin’s “American philosophical society” made many experiment in the field of electricity and method of making soil more fertile.

Medical knowledge:

Initially Americans saw some failures in medical field but later they became more powerful as Dr. Zabdielboyston invented medicine to eradicate smallpox.

Recreation in rural communities:

Chatting while sewing quilts, spinning yarn, barn dance, love making while gathering corn and wedding’s are some other social occasions.

More leisure in the south:

Theatre were made in south, racing, hunting and some other self-made activites made them more self-reliance.