American history

  1. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

An Italian traveller. He served under the Spanish king as a commander. He discovered America in 1492. America was named as the ‘New World ‘.

  • PARIS TREATY,1763

A proclamation introduced by King George III after the defeat of French by the English. It assured British occupancy over the 13 colonies of America. It was signed in Paris. Acadia came under French. Canada and Mississippi regions under England. Spain took over Florida.

  • MERCANTILE THEORY

According to this theory, the raw materials for the British industries should be provided by the 13 colonies. The finished goods should be purchased by the colonial people. The maximum taxes should be extracted from the colonies of America.

  • THE STAMP ACT , 1765

It was the first internal tax levied on American Colonists. According to this act printed materials including legal documents, magazines, placards, and many other types of paper should be attached with a stamp paper. It had to be paid in British currency.

  • BOSTON TEA PARTY, 1773

A political protest that occurred on Dec 16,1773 at Boston, Massachusetts. 17 lacs of tea which came from Britain were dumped into the sea by the colonial people for imposing tax on tea. They said it was ‘Taxation without representation ‘.

  • QUATERING ACT

In 1765 British parliament passed the Quatering Act. It required the colonies to house British soldiers in barracks provide by the colonies  . The colonies were also obliged to accommodate the soldiers in local inns, liveres stables .

  • Molasses act, (1773)

In American colonial history, a British law that imposed a tax on molasses, sugar and rum  imported from non-british foreign colonies into North American colonies. The act specifically aimed at reserving a practical monopoly of the American sugar market to British west Indies who otherwise could not compete with French and other foreign sugar producers.

  • CIVIL WAR

The Civil war in United States began in 1861 and ended in 1865 with confederate surrender. Difference between North and South on slavery and Abraham Lincoln  made civil war inevitable It was the most deadliest battle fought on American soil as 6,20,000 soldiers were killed millions were injured and the South left in ruins

  • ABRAHAM LINCOLN

He was born on 12th February 1809 in Kentucky , USA and was self-educated and lawyer. In 1861 he became the president of USA. He is known to abolish slavery and modernise US economy. He lead USA during Civil war and preserved the union. He was shot dead in April 1865

  1. KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT

This act was formed in 1854. Stephen Douglas from Illinois who had landed Chicago wanted to built a rail-road connecting that area. The South Americans were against this development which will result on the benefit of trade markets

  1. Uncle Tom’s Cabin,

In full Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe, published in serialized form in the United States in 1851–52 and in book form in 1852. An abolitionist novel, it achieved wide popularity, particularly among white readers in the North, by vividly dramatizing the experience of slavery.

  1. UNCLE TOM

He was the title character of Harriet Beecher Stowe novel published in 1852. He was a rejection of existing stereo-types of minstrel shows , it humanised the suffering of slavery for white audiences by portraying Tom who was martyr beaten to death by his master for freeing two slave woman. It was inspired by the fugitive slave act of 1850

  1. The Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a “patriot” mob and British soldiers. The presence of British troops in the city of Boston was increasingly unwelcome. The riot began when about 50 citizens attacked a British sentinel. A British officer, Captain Thomas Preston, called in additional soldiers, and these two were attacked, so the soldiers fired into the mob, killing 3 on the spot is known as The Boston Massacre