Aurangzeb was born as Abul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb and is commonly known as Aurangzeb Alamgir. At the age of 18, Aurangzeb became viceroy of the Deccan. The first prominent execution during his reign was that of his brother, Dara Shikoh. Aurangzeb also had his allied brother, Murad Baksh, held for murder, judged and then executed
It is well known that during his reign, he banned singing, dancing and playing musical instruments in his empire as it was against the Islamic teaching to which Aurangzeb followed very dearly. He never indulged with women outside marriage. Unlike other rulers, he only had one wife. He was a devoted worshipper and thus known as Zinda Pir (living saint).
He also made generous donations of jagirs to several temples. Under his reign, censors were appointed to enforce morals, and laws were issued against prostitution, gambling, drinking and narcotics. Aurangzeb was much into academics and religious education.
He built up his treasure with imposed taxes, but at his time, the nation was the richest in the world. He never believed in spending royal money for frivolous expenditure, and thus, never built any monuments. During his reign, he only got the Moti Masjid, two outer defence walls of Red Fort in Delhi, and the Bibi-ka-Maqbara in Aurangabad, built