A passport is a canonical and decisive testimony issued by the endowed public authority of a nation to its nationals. It is the first step of the many steps in order to be a legitimate traveller to any country, border or port of any country. A legal passport assures the traveller to visit different destinations without any deterrent or moratorium. The passport is the document of highest legal and authoritative value of a legalised entity of the person, trying to travel or leave the country. It also serves as the validatory verification of the person. 

Passport also assures the host country of the legitimacy of the traveller. The passport is issued in the name of the country, i.e. the President/Chancellor/King etc. It is a booklet issued to the holder from the issuing authority of external affairs.

Passport shows the holder’s international identity, which gradually becomes the holder’s national status in the different parts of the world and official permission to pass the port.

Orthodox passports subsume information like the holder’s name,signature,place and date of birth,photograph, and other identifying information.

To be credible for international travel, the passport must be used within the period of validity specified on it. To travel to a foreign country along with a passport the person has to get the visa permission from the embassy of the host country. Then on the basis of this document along with the visa and endorsements the particular person is allowed to penetrate the destination for a specific period of time mentioned on the visa details.

Generally a passport is valid for all the countries, but if there are any exceptions of the country, their name will be specifically and separately mentioned.

To apply for a passport the person should be a citizen of the country he is applying for.

Citizenship is given to that citizen who is a member of the state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized.

A citizenship is bestowed under following conditions:-

a) By birth

b) Through parents

c) By normalisation

d) Political asylum

e) Through marriage

f) Through honour or invitation

There are three types of passports available in India are –

The Regular Indian passport

This type of passport is issued to common citizensand VIPs and is used for regular or ordinary travel on personal grounds. Also called Type P or P-Type (P indicating personal), this passport comes in booklets of either 36 pages or 60 pages. These passports do not provide any special privileges to the holder.

The Official Indian passport

This passport is typically issued to the Govt. employees who are travelling on national duty, to represent their country and individuals who are fully dependent on officials on the Indian Foreign Service (Branch A& B).Such passports are not issued to individuals traveling for overseas assignments of official state business. No special privileges are enjoyed by the holder of an Official passport

The Diplomatic Indian passport

Probably the most elite kind of passport, the Diplomatic Indian Passport is given to top ranking govt. officials, consuls, and top officials of the Indian Foreign Service travelling on duty, their dependents and essentially, anyone appointed with the status of a Diplomat. It is to be noted that carrying a Diplomatic passport does not bestow you with Diplomatic immunity, which is something that is bestowed separately. 


Type Color Issued to 

Regular Indian Passport  Type-P (personal) Dark navy blue General public

Official Indian Passport Type-S (service) White Representatives of the country travelling on official business

Diplomatic Indian Passport  Type-D (Diplomatic) Maroon Top ranking Govt. officials and Indian Diplomats

(Source: – Ministry of External Affairs)

Documents required while applying for Passport.


The person requires 3 recent passport size photographs in color showcasing the front view of the complete face.


A) Ration card

B) Election card

C) Bank account statement

D) Telephone bill

E) Electricity bill

F) Employer certificate on company’s letterhead

G) Gas connection bill

Birth proof

Copies of original birth certificate

Citizenship document

Check whether the person applying for the passport is a citizen of the country by birth or by registration.

Identity certificate

The identity certificate for the following should be submitted in original.

a) Government

b) Public sector

c) Employees of statutory bodies

No objection certificate

If the person applying for the passport is a government official, then this document should be submitted in its original form.

Affidavit/marriage certificate

For change of name on the passport after the person gets married.

Letter of authority

This letter is required for the travel agents.