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PALAS OF BENGAL

THE PALAS                      The Palas were one of the great empires of North India with Bengal as the capital around 8th century AD. They had conflict against the Prathiharas and the Rashtrakudas GOPALA (750-775)                       Sasanka was the contemporary of Harsha, after sasanka Gopala was elected as the king by the nobles and he is […]

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Vakatakas

INTRODUCTION                     After the fall of Satavaganas, many kingdom arose in the Deccan. Vakatakas were most powerful among them. The founder of the dynasty was Vindhyasakti. The kingdom extended up to Malwa and southern part of Deccan. The kingdom flourished in the 3rd century AD. FOUNDER                    The real founder was the son of Vindhyasakti, […]

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Rashtrakutas

The Rashtrakutas had Kannada origin and their mother tongue was Kannada. The Rashtrakuta dynasty was founded by Dantidurga in 8th Century AD. He was instrumental in establishing Rashtrakutas as a paramount power in the Deccan. He captured Malwas from the Gurjaras after defeating them. He also defeated Kirtivarman II and annexed the Chalukya kingdom. He was […]

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Pratiharas

The dynasty of Pratiharas was founded by Harichandra in 6th century AD.  Nagabhatta-I was the first important ruler of this dynasty. He ruled from 730 AD to 756 AD. His kingdom was including Gwalior, Bharuch and Malwa. Awanti was the capital of his kingdom. Nagabhatta II was the most illustrious king of Pratihara dynasty. He is […]

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Palas

The Pala Dynasty was the ruling Dynasty in Bihar and Bengal India in Ancient India. Pala dynasty was founded by Gopala in 750 AD, who was a chieftain earlier but later became the king of Bengal. He established his dominance and stronghold in Kamarupa.. Dharmapala succeeded Gopala. He ruled for a period of 770-810 AD. […]

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Hiuen Tsang

Hiuen Tsang was a Chinese traveller who visited India during the period of Harshavardhana. He has been described therefore as the “Prince of Pilgrims.” The Chinese traveller has given valuable accounts on the political, religious, economic, social conditions of Ancient times. He was a Buddhist monk and longed for knowing more of Buddhism. But without a visit […]

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Harshacharita

Banabhatta wrote Harshacharita, one of the greatest master piece in Sanskrit prose. This biography provides valuable information about the period of Harshavardahana. It is written in kavya style. His second great work, the prose romance Kadambari, is named for the heroine of the novel. The book describes the affairs of two sets of lovers through a series of incarnations. […]

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Golden age of the Guptas

SOCIO – ECONOMIC SYSTEM  DURING  GUPTA  PERIOD 1.SOCIAL CONDITION        Caste system began to assume more rigidity. The Brahman class occupying   an important position. The division of the society was on the basis of Varna (colour) and different functions in the society. Usually marriage took place in the same caste. In the city separate dwelling quarters […]

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Harshavardhana Administration

Harsha was the head of the all administrative, legislative, judicial and the first commander in the chief of the army. He earned the titles of Maharajadhiraja and Parambhattaraka. He was assisted by a council of ministers, and advised the king on internal and external administration. Avanti was the officer to look after war and peace. […]

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Gupta administration

THE KING                  King occupied the prominent place in the administration. The kingship was hereditary. But in some cases younger sons were nominated. The king possessed legislative, executive and judicial powers.  Even though the king enjoyed great powers, he never behaved like a despot. The king is the law abiding monarch. Law was above the […]

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