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Science and Technology in India

Space Programme – 28th October 2006,Indian space agency successfully tested the indigenous Cryogenic upper stage, for Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) in Mahendragiri , Tamil Nadu. – Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched India’s advanced communication satellite, INSAT-4A, into space from French Guyana-22 December 2005. -It was used for telecommunications and to monitor natural resources. […]

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Indian Constitution – Administrative Relations

Articles 256 to 263 in Part XI of the Constitution deal with the administrative relations between the Centre and the states. In addition, there are various other articles pertaining to the same matter. Distribution of Executive Powers The executive power has been divided between the Centre and the states on the lines of the distribution […]

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EMERGENCE OF THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES – Part- II

Underdevelopment Underdevelopment is not the absence of development, because every people have developed in one way or another and to a greater or lesser extent. Underdevelopment only makes sense as a means of comparing levels of development. It is very much tied to the fact that human social development has been uneven and from a […]

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EMERGENCE OF THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES – Part- I

INTRODUCTION: The term ‘Third World’ refers to a group of countries with certain common features. According to some writers the developed capitalist countries constitute the first world. The socialist countries are called the second world. The underdeveloped countries in Africa. Asia and Latin American that were subjected to colonial domination are called the third world. […]

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BRICS

Introduction BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Originally the first four were grouped as “BRIC” (or “the BRICs”), before the induction of South Africa in 2010. The BRICS members are all leading developing or newly industrialized countries, but they are distinguished […]

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ASEAN

Introduction The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising ten Southeast Asian states which promotes Pan-Asianism and intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, military, educational and cultural integration amongst its members and Asian states. Since its formation on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand, the organisation’s […]

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G-20 or Group of Twenty

Introduction The G20 ( G-20 or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. Currently, these are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and the European Union. […]

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India and World Trade Organisation

Introduction The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an inter-governmental organization that regulates international trade. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 123 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. It is the largest international economic organization in […]

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THE LINGUISTIC REORGANIZATION OF STATES

CAUSE FOR LINGUISTIC STATES: The boundaries of the British Indian Provinces were drawn primarily to sub serve colonial interest to enforce law and order, to collect land revenue and to divide the rule. hence the pre-independence provinces were multi-linguistic,multi-cultural and heterogenous.for example, the Madras Presidency consisted of four large distinct linguistic areas ,-Tamil ,Telugu,Malayalam And […]

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INDO CHINA WAR (1962)

INTRODUCTION India and china are the two Trans Himalayan Asian giants. They have historical and cultural links. India became independent in 1947 and china in 1949. In October 1950 china established military control over Tibet. Chinese invasion of Tibet was a prelude to the invasion of India. CAUSES OF THE WAR DIFFERENCES OVER THE MAP […]

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