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Popular Culture  –  2

Advantages of Pop Culture The first advantage of mass culture is its universal accessibility as a result of commercialization. Another advantage (quite controversial) is that pop culture often uses products of high culture as a basis. This leads not only to an increase in the prestige of the newly formed mainstream but also awakening the […]

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Popular Culture  –  1

The concept of “pop culture” has long been an integral part of our lives. It characterizes modern society as a consumer society, in which even such timeless things as art and literature are built on a commercial basis. There is a stereotype that products of mass culture are neither high-quality nor high-moral. It is assumed […]

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Multi Sided Indian Culture

The roots of Indian culture can be traced to the Indus Valley Civilisation. The Harappan civilization is the foundation on which the super structure of Indian culture has been raised. Mauryan artifacts like pillars, rock-cut architecture, the stupas, stone sculptures, cave architecture speak about ancient cultural life of the people. The Sunga, Satavahana, Kushan architecture […]

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Children – Anthropology – Key concept

CHILDREN The child is, in many ways, the paradigmatic ‘other’: ‘the child’, its attributes and identity, is something that adults and anthropologists have constructed in dialectical relationship to their own senses of world and self. Perhaps for this reason, anthropological work on children and childhood has been extremely diverse and long-lived without being particularly coherent […]

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Growth of Art and Architecture under Vijayanagar

Growth of Art and Architecture under Vijayanagar Growth of Art      During the administration of Vijayanagar rulers, they concentrated more on the development of art and architecture.  They constructed a number of palaces, temples and Mandapams throughout their empire.  They beautified them with various types of attractive sculptures.  The development of art of that period […]

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Legacy of Vijayanagar

Legacy of Vijayanagar Education and Literature Vijayanagar rulers showed less interest for the growth of education.  Even then education flourished at various centres.  In the absence of the definite system, people depended on local scholars to get their education.  Generally the development of education in this kingdom was based on castes and industrial growth.  Scholars […]

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Disintegration of Vijayanagar

Disintegration of Vijayanagar Talikota Battle (1565)      The historical battle at Talikota determined the fate of the Vijayanagar Empire.  The battle was held at Rekshasi-Tangadi twenty five miles away from Talikota.  Hence, the Talikota battle was also known as Rekshasi-Tangadi battle.  This battle decided the destiny of the Hindu and Muslim kingdom in Tamil Nadu. […]

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Vijayanagar Empire – Nayankara System

Vijayanagar Empire – Nayankara System      Vijayanagar rulers gave due importance to provincial administration.  The administration which existed in the provinces was called as ‘Nayankara system’.  It was similar to that of feudalism in Europe.  According to the system, all the land were owned by the rulers.  He distributed the lands to his generals.  They […]

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Vijayanagar Rule in Tamil Nadu

Vijayanagar Rule in Tamil Nadu Introduction Vijayanagar Empire was founded on the advice of the Hindu saint Vidyaranya on the banks of the river Tungabhadra very near to Chirunkeri madams founded by Adhi Sankarachariya.  Vidyaranyar served as its head at the time of founding the Vijayanagar Empire. The Vijayanagar Empire was founded in 1336 and […]

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The Kotas of The Nilgiris – Part – I

The Kotas of The Nilgiris – Part – I According to Dr. Oppert “it seems probable that the Todas and Kotas lived near each other before the settlement of the latter on the The Nilgiris. Their dialects betray a great resemblance. According to a tradition of theirs (the Kotas), they lived formerly on Kollimallai, a […]

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