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Kadaiyan

Kadaiyan The name, Kadaiyan, meaning last or lowest, occurs as a sub-division of the Pallans. The Kadaiyans are described of as being lime (shell) gatherers and burners of Ramesvaram and the neighborhood, from whose ranks the Paravas are in part recruited at the present day. On the coasts of Madura and Tinnevelly they are mainly […]

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The Chakkiliyans – leather workers

The leather-workers ” The Chakkiliyans,” Mr. H. A. Stuart writes,”are the leather-workers of the Tamil districts, corresponding to the Madigas of the Telugu country. The Chakkiliyans appear to be immigrants from the Telugu or Canarese districts, for no mention is made of this caste either in the early Tamil inscriptions, or in early Tamil literature. […]

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Balijas the Cultivators

Balijas though generally known as trading castes were also known to be cultivators. In their customs there was very little difference between the Kapus and Balijas. The general name or title among the Balijas was Naidu. The name Balija was said to be derived from the Sanskrit Bali (sacrifice) and ja (born) signifying that the […]

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The Acchuvaru

Acchuvaru are Recorded, in the Madras Census Report, as ” Oriya-speaking carriers of grain, etc., on pack bullocks. Treated as a sub-division of Gaudo.” The Acchuvarus are not Oriya people, but are attached to the Devanga weavers, and receive their name from the fact that they do acchupani, i.e., thread the long comb-like structures of […]

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Savaras of Ganjam and Vizagapatam

The language of the Savaras of Ganjam and Vizagapatam. One of the Munda languages. Concerning the Munda linguistic family, Mr. Grierson writes as follows. ‚ÄúThe denomination Munda (adopted by Max Miiller) was not long allowed to stand unchallenged. Sir George Campbell in 1866 proposed to call the family Kolarian. He was of opinion that Kol […]

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Paniyas : The unknown untouchables

The Paniyar tribes of the Nilgris District are one of the worst sufferers of the over – run of their resources by the immigrants in their traditional habitat of Wayanad and adjoining Nilgiris (Tamil Nadu) and Coorg (Karnataka) areas. Numerically the Paniyars form the largest single tribe in Kerala. An understanding of the range of […]

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Working with a Transgender Community by B.Jishamol

Trans-genders are the people born with a physical gender which is different from their emotional gender. They are actually of two types, a person born as male but having female emotional gender and similarly born as female but having male emotional gender. We have lot of historical and religious proofs claiming their presence in India […]

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