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External Criticism

Textual Criticism          To check if it is the original. It can be checked with the authors, language, ideas, versions, and style of writing, passages, additions and omissions. Verification of the Authorised           Handwriting, style and the method of presentation. Identification of Dates         Identification of date and place such as where it was written, […]

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Historiography Facts

Gibbon                  Gibbon was born in Putney in England. He had his higher education in Oxford. He studied Latin, Greek and French. His work falls into two parts –  The first part was in four volumes covering Roman History for 460 years from 2nd century AD. The second part was in two volumes covering 800 […]

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Islamic Tradition in Historical Writing- Ibn Khaldun

The Islamic tradition of historical writing cherishes a sense of history even in early times. The rise and spread of Islam, military campaigns and territorial conquests offered exiting themes for historical writing and they strengthen the historical tradition. The life and work of Prophet, their extensive campaigns and the spread of Arab empire inspired the […]

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Scientific Historical Writing – Trevelyan

Trevelyan:               Trevelyan of Great Britain was greatest among the modern historians. His full name was George Macauley Trevelyan (1876-1962). He likes history and dislikes mathematics. He was influenced by Edward Gibbon. He was professor of modern history at Cambridge. His important works were, “History of England”, “Garibaldi”, “Making of Italy”, “England under Queen Annie”, […]

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Scientific Historical Writing – Von Ranke

Leopole Von Ranke (1795-1886)                 His first work was, “Histories of Roman and German people” History of Service, His Suggestions:                Historians should use archives and study the documents for finding out the truth. In the historical seminar he instructed the scholars in the critical study of sources. His second work was “History of Service”, […]

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Historical Writing of the West

Montesquieu: Intellectual revolution of the west or in Europe was started by Rene Descartes, Sir Issac Newton and John Locke. Industrial revolution was the cause for 17th and 18th century philosophical achievements and science and technology. It also resulted in the development of concept of cartesianism, anti-cartesianism and enlightenment. It also impacted the historical writing. […]

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Character of Historical Writing in Rome

CHARACTER OF ROMAN HISTRIOGRAPHY: Livy and Tacitus were the two eminent historians of ancient Rome. Livy focused on a big task of writing the history of the entire Rome, but could not succeed in his attempt. Tacitus tried a different approach but it lacked critical approach. The other historians attempted a compilation or some kind […]

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Historical Writing in Rome -II

CARNELLIUS TACITUS:                  He was a greatest and last historian of the classical age of Romans. He began his career with the “Life of Agriola” – an account of Roman war in Britain and the life of Britain under Romans and the administration of Agricola. His other works were ‘Dialogues of an Orator’, ‘Germania’, ‘Aannals […]

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Historical Writing in Rome – I

HISTORICAL WRITING IN ROME:           Rome did not have a glorious past, hence its records were little and humble. Its origin was a small group of villages. Romans did not have a racial pride like the Greek. Greeks considered themselves superior and all others as barbarians. The Greeks influenced much on historical writing as well. […]

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CHARACTER OF GREEK HISTRIOGRAPHY

Prominent ancient Greek historians were Herodotus, Thucydides and Polybius. After them few of them continued with Greek tradition. Posidonius wrote “History” that continued the work of Polybius. Arrian of Bithynia wrote History of Rome in 8 volumes. Author: To Herodotus enquiry included the Geographical features of land and occupations and achievement of people. Thucydides wanted […]

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