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INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: NATURE AND SCOPE

INTRODUCTION The study of relations among nations has fascinated scholars for several centuries.  However, the term international was first used by Jeremy Bantham in the latter part of the eighteenth century, although its Latin equivalent intergentes was used a century earlier by Rijchare Zouche.  Both of them had used this term in respect of that […]

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International relations – variables

Idiosyncratic     Variables:     These variables are concerned with the personal characteristics of decision makers: cautiousness versus rashness, anger versus prudence, pride versus expediency, superiority versus inferiority, creativeness versus destructiveness, paranoia versus overconfidence, and so on .Undeniably, the psychological  characteristics of leaders and other makers and implementers of policy have a certain bearing on policy […]

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Non-Aligned Movement

Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), international organization dedicated to representing the interests and aspirations of developing countries. The Non-Aligned Movement counts more than 100 member states, whose combined population amounts to more than half of the world’s population The Non-Aligned Movement emerged in the context of the wave of decolonization that followed World War II. At the […]

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EMERGENCE OF THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES – Part- II

Underdevelopment Underdevelopment is not the absence of development, because every people have developed in one way or another and to a greater or lesser extent. Underdevelopment only makes sense as a means of comparing levels of development. It is very much tied to the fact that human social development has been uneven and from a […]

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EMERGENCE OF THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES – Part- I

INTRODUCTION: The term ‘Third World’ refers to a group of countries with certain common features. According to some writers the developed capitalist countries constitute the first world. The socialist countries are called the second world. The underdeveloped countries in Africa. Asia and Latin American that were subjected to colonial domination are called the third world. […]

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BRICS

Introduction BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Originally the first four were grouped as “BRIC” (or “the BRICs”), before the induction of South Africa in 2010. The BRICS members are all leading developing or newly industrialized countries, but they are distinguished […]

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ASEAN

Introduction The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising ten Southeast Asian states which promotes Pan-Asianism and intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, military, educational and cultural integration amongst its members and Asian states. Since its formation on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand, the organisation’s […]

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G-20 or Group of Twenty

Introduction The G20 ( G-20 or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. Currently, these are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and the European Union. […]

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