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Religious Policy of Akbar – 5

Religious Policy of Akbar – 5 E. Din-i-Lahi [1581-82]: Towards the close of 1581, Akbar took another step in the field of religious tolerance. He thought of establishing a synthesis of various creeds by putting together the fundamental principles of various religions. In the beginning of 1582, he actually translated his ideas into practice by […]

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BACTRIA

The region between the Hindu Kush Mountains and the river Amu Darya (Oxus) is called Bactria. Its old capital, Bactra, was located near the present city of Mazar-e-Sharif in northern Afghanistan. Another important center of this area is Balkh, a town 15.5 miles (25 km) to the west of Mazar-e-Sharif. The Mughal prince Aurangzeb ended […]

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BABUR Mughal Dynasty in India

BABUR (1483–1530), founding emperor of the Mughal dynasty in India. A Chaghtai Turk, Zahir-ud- Din Muhammad, known as Babur (“the Tiger”), was a fearless soldier, adventurer, poet, and diarist. His Tuzu-i- Babri (Memoirs of Babur), written in Turki, the diary he kept throughout his life, is one of the great works of historical literature. Babur’s […]

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Legacy of Vijayanagar

Legacy of Vijayanagar Education and Literature Vijayanagar rulers showed less interest for the growth of education.  Even then education flourished at various centres.  In the absence of the definite system, people depended on local scholars to get their education.  Generally the development of education in this kingdom was based on castes and industrial growth.  Scholars […]

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Disintegration of Vijayanagar

Disintegration of Vijayanagar Talikota Battle (1565)      The historical battle at Talikota determined the fate of the Vijayanagar Empire.  The battle was held at Rekshasi-Tangadi twenty five miles away from Talikota.  Hence, the Talikota battle was also known as Rekshasi-Tangadi battle.  This battle decided the destiny of the Hindu and Muslim kingdom in Tamil Nadu. […]

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Vijayanagar Empire – Nayankara System

Vijayanagar Empire – Nayankara System      Vijayanagar rulers gave due importance to provincial administration.  The administration which existed in the provinces was called as ‘Nayankara system’.  It was similar to that of feudalism in Europe.  According to the system, all the land were owned by the rulers.  He distributed the lands to his generals.  They […]

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Firoz Tughlaq

 Firoz Tughlaq Administrative Reforms of Firoz Tughlaq Firoz Tughlaq is very famous for his administrative reforms in the history of early medieval period. Economic Policy and Revenue Reforms of Firoz Tughlaq At the time of coronation of Firoz Tughlaq the economic condition of India was very deplorable.  People were hard pressed due to heavy taxation.  […]

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Khilji Dynasty [A. D. 1290 TO 1320]

Khilji Dynasty [A. D. 1290 TO 1320] Jalaluddin Firozshah Khalji During the reign of the sultans of the so-called slave dynasty, Khaljis were very popular.  They occupied various significant posts in the administration of the slave rulers. In the year      A.D.1290 one Jalaluddin Khalji after dethroning the weak sultan of the slave dynasty, Kaiqubad, captured […]

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