04424631960, 9884350700 #70/1, Market Lane, 7th Street, Kaladipet, Thiruvottiyur, Chennai 600 019. Tamil Nadu, India

Pazhaverkadu: The Untold story

Pulicat (Pazhaverkadu) is historically a remarkable place, an abode for Portuguese, Dutch, the Cholas, Vijayanagar, Arabs and finally the British.

Donate Now!

Paniyas : The unknown untouchables

Numerically the Paniyars form the largest single tribe in Kerala

Donate Now!

SHAKTHI

A Documentary on Pulayan Tribes of Anaimalai Hills

Donate Now!

Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 5

The All India Kisan Congress/Sabha This sabha was founded in Lucknow in April 1936 with Swami Sahjanand Saraswati as the president and N.C. Ranga as the general secretary. A kisan manifesto eas issued and a periodical under Indulal Yagnik started. The AIKS and the Congress held their sessions in Faizpur in 1936. The Congress manifesto […]

Read More »

Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 4

Mappila revolt where the Muslim tenants inhabiting the Malabar region where most of the landlords were Hindus. The Mappila had expressed their resentment against the operation of the landlords during the 19th century also. There grievance centred around the lack of security of tenure. High rents, renewal fees and other in oppressive exactions. The Mappila […]

Read More »

Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 3

Changed nature of peasant movements after 1857 : Peasants emerged main force in agrarian movementd, fighting directly for their own demands. The main demands were centered almost wholly on economic issues. The movements were directed the immediate enemies of the peasant-foreign planters and indigenous zamindars and money lenders. The struggles were directed towards specific and […]

Read More »

Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 2

PEASANTRY UNDER COLONIALISM: The impoverishment of the Indian peasantry was a direct result of transformation of the agrarian structure due to Colonial economic policies, Ruin of the handicrafts leading to overcrowding of land, The new land revenue system, Colonial administrative and judicial system. The peasants suffered from high rents, illegal levies, arbitrary evictions and unpaid […]

Read More »

Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 1

INTRODUCTION ; Peasant discontent as recorded by historians has been a familiar feature of the 19th and 20th centuries. During the first quarter of the 20th century, the peasant movements became much more violent. This movement was deeply influenced by the struggle for national freedom. Though, in different parts of the country, there were several […]

Read More »

AGRICULTURAL STRUGGLES IN 19TH CENTURY

Santhals 1855-56 Indigo revolt 1860 Maratha uprising Santhals 1855-56:            The Santhals are a group of tribals largely concentrated in Bihar. They are mainly agriculturists. The first peasant movement which took place in India dates back to Santhal insurrection of 1855-56. This in­surrection has reference to the establishment of the Permanent Land Settlement of 1793. […]

Read More »

The Revolt of 1857 and the Agrarian Revolt

Introduction:             The revolt of 1857 was one of the major incident happened in Indian freedom movement which united the Indian people against the British exploitation in India. This revolt not only caused on the aspect of military cause but also on the economic perspective also. Lord Bentinck introduce Bengal land leasing act by this […]

Read More »

Deccan Uprising 1875 and Agrarian revolt

Introduction: British rule expanded from Bengal to other parts of India, new systems of revenue were imposed. The Permanent Settlement was rarely extended to any region beyond Bengal. Since the revenue demand was fixed under the Permanent Settlement, the colonial state could not claim any share of this enhanced income. Keen on expanding its financial […]

Read More »

INDIGO REVOLT 1859-60

Indigo revolt was started in the year 1859.indigo revolt or indigo rebellion was farmers uprising against the British planters who had forced them to grow indigo within unfavorable conditions. We know that indigo plantation had been started in and around 1777, with the help of nawabs of Bengal which were under the British control indigo […]

Read More »

COMMERCIALIZATION OF INDIAN AGRICULTURE DURING BRITISH – PROCESS AND ITS IMPACTS

INTRODUCTION Commercialization of agriculture is a phenomenon where agriculture is governed by commercial consideration i.e. certain specialised crops began to be grown not for consumption in village but for sale in national and even in international market. The commercialization of Indian agriculture started post 1813 when the industrial revolution in England gained pace. Commercialization of […]

Read More »