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Pazhaverkadu: The Untold story

Pulicat (Pazhaverkadu) is historically a remarkable place, an abode for Portuguese, Dutch, the Cholas, Vijayanagar, Arabs and finally the British.

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Paniyas : The unknown untouchables

Numerically the Paniyars form the largest single tribe in Kerala

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SHAKTHI

A Documentary on Pulayan Tribes of Anaimalai Hills

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Santhals Rebellion 1855-1856

There were several peasant and tribal movement during the 19th century, among them the most significant movement was the Santhal rebellion. The santhals were a group of people who belonged to the same tribe. The Santhals lived scattered in various districts of Cuttack, Dhalbhum, Mannheim, Barabhum, Chota Nagpur, Palamua, Hazaribhag, Midnapur, Bankura and Birbhum in […]

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Pre-Independent Land Reforms

Introduction:             There were no proper land reforms before the arrival of British. When British came to power they wanted a proper land Revenue system for collection of taxes from the cultivators; peasants; land lords etc. Lord Cornwallis who first initiated the major land reform in 1793 it was known as Zamindari System. Zamindars attains […]

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Boodan Movement

Acharya-Vinoba Bhave While studying Sanskrit in Varanasi, he joined Mohandas K. Gandhi as a disciple. At Gandhijis request Bhave resisted British Wartime regulations in 1940 and spent nearly five years in prison .After Gandhi died (1948), Bhave was widely accepted as his successor. More Interested in land reform, accomplished voluntarily, than in politics, he founded […]

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Land Ceiling

The land ceiling acts define the size of land that an individual/family can own. In India, by 1961-62, all the state governments have passed the land ceiling acts. But the ceiling limits varied from state to state. To bring uniformity across states, a new land ceiling policy was evolved in 1971. In 1972, national guidelines […]

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Tenancy Reforms

The second a major plank of the land reforms envisaged was, therefore, concerned with tenancy legislations.  The political and economic conditions in different parts of India were so varied that nature of tenancy legislations passed by the different states and the manner of their implementation also varied a great deal.  Yet, there were commonly shared […]

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Land settlements and reforms – Post-Independence Land Reforms

Post-Independence Reforms: Zamindari Abolition Tenancy Reforms Land Celing Legislation Bhoodan Movement Zamindari Abolition: In 1949 Zamindari abolition bills or land tenure legislation were introduced in a number of provinces such as Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Madras, Assam and Bombay with the report of the Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition Committee chaired by G.B. Pant, acting […]

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Agrarian change

Before the advent of the British, agriculture, industry and trade were well balanced in India. There flourished many crafts together with agriculture. But the British policy of ‘economic squeeze’ crushed crafts and industries of India and people were compelled to depend on agriculture. The Indian agriculture was basically traditional and primitive. Crops were cultivated for […]

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History of agro-economy – growth and resistance in India

Condition of agriculture and land reforms After the British rule, A large section of the population, about three-fourths, was dependent on agriculture for employment and for the food and fiber consumed by farming families and landlords. Agriculture in India was based mainly on feudal land relations where a majority of the population lived in rural […]

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Theories of economic history

DEFINITION:      “Economic theory is nothing but an idea or a principle that aim to describe how an economy works”. ADAM SMITH: Adam Smith was 18th century economist who was renowned as a “Father of modern Economics” and a major proponent of ‘Laissez Faire’ economic policies. Smith is most famous for his work “The Wealth of […]

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Reconstruction

Reconstruction, in U.S. history, (1865–77) were attempts to heal the incidents happened during American Civil War. Ten Percent Plan President Abraham Lincoln announced the first comprehensive program for Reconstruction, the Ten Percent Plan. Under it, when one-tenth of a state’s voters took an oath of loyalty, they could establish a new state government. Andrew Johnson Following Lincoln’s assassination […]

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