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Pazhaverkadu: The Untold story

Pulicat (Pazhaverkadu) is historically a remarkable place, an abode for Portuguese, Dutch, the Cholas, Vijayanagar, Arabs and finally the British.

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Paniyas : The unknown untouchables

Numerically the Paniyars form the largest single tribe in Kerala

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SHAKTHI

A Documentary on Pulayan Tribes of Anaimalai Hills

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Akbar’s Rajput Policy – 2

Akbar’s Rajput Policy – 2 Significance of the Policy: Akbars policy on the whole proved quite successful. It procured great advantages for the Mugal empire. 1. Valuable service of Rajputs and break up of Rajput unity: Hitherto the Rajputs were the enemies of the Muslim empire but as a result of Akbar’s Rajput policy they […]

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Akbar’s Rajput Policy – 1

Akbar’s Rajput Policy – 1 Akbar was a great statesman. Soon after his accession to the throne he came to the conclusion that the friendship of the Rajputs, a brave and fearless community, would be very valuable and that it would be disastrous to follow a policy of warfare and bloodshed against them. As the […]

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Religious Policy of Akbar – 5

Religious Policy of Akbar – 5 E. Din-i-Lahi [1581-82]: Towards the close of 1581, Akbar took another step in the field of religious tolerance. He thought of establishing a synthesis of various creeds by putting together the fundamental principles of various religions. In the beginning of 1582, he actually translated his ideas into practice by […]

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Religious Policy of Akbar – 4

Religious Policy of Akbar – 4 C. Reading of Khutba [June, 1579]: On june 1579, Akbar took yet another very bold step. Not caring for the opposition of the orthodox Muslims be displaced the chief Imam of Jama-i-Masjid of Fatehpur Sikhri and himself read the Khutba which had been composed by Faizi. D. Infallibility decree […]

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Religious Policy of Akbar – 3

Religious Policy of Akbar – 3 B. Ibadat Khana and Discussions with leaders of various religions [1575-79]: In 1575, Akbar constructed a building at Fatehpur Sikhri known as Ibadat Khana or house of prayers. Here he invited leaders and scholars of various religions. Makhdum-ul-mulk and Andur Nabi presented Islam. Parshotam and Debi were the leaders […]

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Religious Policy of Akbar – 2

Religious Policy of Akbar – 2 A.Beginning of tolerance [1562-75] 1. Akbars marriage with Amber princess: In 1562 Akbar married Jodha Bai, daughter of Bihari Mal of Amber. This marriage with Rajput princess signified the new policy of Akbar. 2. Abolition of pilgrim tax [1563]: In 1563, while Akbar was in Mathura he learnt that […]

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Religious Policy of Akbar – 1

Religious Policy of Akbar – 1 Among all the Muslim who ruled India Akbar was the liberal exponent of religious tolerance. Rising above the prejudices of his age he followed a very tolerant policy. There were certain factors that determined his policy. 1. Liberal parents: Akbar’s parents were not orthodox. His father Humayun though a […]

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Akbar – Provincial administration – 3

Akbar – Provincial administration – 3 Provincial Administration For administrative convenience and efficiency the vast Mughal Empire was divided into Provinces. Sipah-Salar [The Governor]: The head of provincial administration was the governor, officialy called as Sipah-Salar. In the time of Akbar’s successors he began to be called Nazim. His Chief functions were 1.to maintain order […]

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Akbar – Central administration – 2

Akbar – Central administration – 2 The Central Ministers: In order to advise and assist the emperor in administrative work there was a body of ministers. There was no definite tenure of their office and no definite rule of promotion. They were all appointed by the King and could be dismissed by him at any […]

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Akbar – Central administration

Introduction: The Mughal kings were not only great conquerors but also accomplished a lot in the sphere of administration. Akbar, however, was the first of the Mughal emperors who set up an excellent system of administration. Mughal emperor ‌The head of Administration was the emperor. He considered himself as the vice regent of God on […]

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