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Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – Tanjore peasant struggle

PEASANT AGITATION IN TANJORE DISTRICT, 1958: Owing to 10 per cent price hike, the peasants of Anaithandavapuram in Mayawaram taluk revolted against mirasdars for higher wages during harvest. The mirasdars conceded to the demands and provided 1¼ marakkals of paddy per kalam35. However, some mirasdars of Tanjore district violated the terms of Tanjore legislation and […]

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Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – Moplah peasant movement

Some of the causes of Moplah peasant movement are given below The oeasants of moplah were muslims pesants.  Their landlords who were called Jenmis were mostly hindus.  the relations between  the jenmis and the moplas were historicaaly quite unfriendly.  In other words the realtions were both economically and religiously antagonistic.  Since 1835 the hindu land […]

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Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 6

PEASANT AGITATION IN TANJORE DISTRICT, 1958: Tanjore, a district of Madras falls in the Southern-Eastern of India was divided wholly into three broad sets of castes such as Brahman, Non-Brahman, and Adi-Dravida. Among them Brahman secured the highest status. Initially, they were self sufficient with their economic condition. However, some mirasdars of Tanjore district violated […]

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Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 5

The All India Kisan Congress/Sabha This sabha was founded in Lucknow in April 1936 with Swami Sahjanand Saraswati as the president and N.C. Ranga as the general secretary. A kisan manifesto eas issued and a periodical under Indulal Yagnik started. The AIKS and the Congress held their sessions in Faizpur in 1936. The Congress manifesto […]

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Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 4

Mappila revolt where the Muslim tenants inhabiting the Malabar region where most of the landlords were Hindus. The Mappila had expressed their resentment against the operation of the landlords during the 19th century also. There grievance centred around the lack of security of tenure. High rents, renewal fees and other in oppressive exactions. The Mappila […]

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Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 3

Changed nature of peasant movements after 1857 : Peasants emerged main force in agrarian movementd, fighting directly for their own demands. The main demands were centered almost wholly on economic issues. The movements were directed the immediate enemies of the peasant-foreign planters and indigenous zamindars and money lenders. The struggles were directed towards specific and […]

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Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 2

PEASANTRY UNDER COLONIALISM: The impoverishment of the Indian peasantry was a direct result of transformation of the agrarian structure due to Colonial economic policies, Ruin of the handicrafts leading to overcrowding of land, The new land revenue system, Colonial administrative and judicial system. The peasants suffered from high rents, illegal levies, arbitrary evictions and unpaid […]

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Agrarian struggles in the 20th century – 1

INTRODUCTION ; Peasant discontent as recorded by historians has been a familiar feature of the 19th and 20th centuries. During the first quarter of the 20th century, the peasant movements became much more violent. This movement was deeply influenced by the struggle for national freedom. Though, in different parts of the country, there were several […]

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