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Ancient India

  What is mean by inscriptions? Inscriptions are virtually permanent records, some of which carry dates. Others are dated on the basis of Palaeography or styles of writing, with a fair amount of precision. What is mean by janapadas? Janapada means the land where a jana (a people, clan or tribe) sets its foot or […]

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Formation of States in the Later Vedic Period

  Which period is considered as the later Vedic age? The period from 1000 to 600 B.C. is regarded as the period of the later Vedic age. It also covers the period of the epics, the age of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. What archaeological evidences of sources have we found from this period? The […]

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Archaeological Sources

Define Archaeology. Arkaos – Ancient Logos – Study The science which enables us to dig the old mound in a systematic manner in successful layers and to form an idea of the material life of the people is called ARCHAEOLOGY. What are Archaeological sources? The primary sources or evidences that support the theories of the […]

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PRE-HISTORY

PRE-HISTORY: The prehistory age is that age of human progress about which no historical evidence is available. It is only scanty archaeological finding, particularly certain tools and weapons which prove that man passed lakhs of years before he was able to develop what are now called culture and civilization of any sort. In India too, […]

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Importance of archaeological sources – 1

Importance of archaeological sources – 1 Archaeology is the study of human culture in historic as well as pre-historic times, by examining the material remains of early human settlements. These material remains may range from human or plant fossils to excavated artifacts or ruins of an old building. A broad study of human culture, archaeology […]

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History of Archaeology – 6

Post-Independence era The Indian archaeology reached its present form of high level academic maturity after passing through various theoretical approaches and scientific discourses. The initiatives undertaken by the Asiatic Society led to the basic understanding of India and also paved a way for creation of colonial conceptions. The colonial conception were countered by nationalistic trends […]

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History of Archaeology – 5

Mortimer Wheeler: The British Government appointed Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler as the Director General of the Archaeological survey in 1944 to fulfill the recommendation made by the distinguished British archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley in 1939. The greatest contribution of Mortimer Wheeler is the introduction of scientific methods in Indian archaeology and the establishment of a […]

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History of Archaeology – 4

Robert Bruce Foote; The development of principles of stratigraphy in Geology in Europe also received some impetus in India. The surveyors in the Geological Survey took an intensive survey in documenting geological wealth and natural resources of India. Although prehistoric studies were neglected and remained in isolation, the efforts of Robert   Bruce Foote paid much […]

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History of Archaeology – 3

Alexander Cunningham: Among Prinsep’s colleagues, the notable on was a young military engineer Sir Alexander Cunningham. He came to India at the age of 18. In 1861, he became the first Archaeological Surveyor of the Archaeological Survey established under the Governor Generalship of Lord Canning. His primary concern was historical archaeology. During his tenure, the […]

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