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Indo-Greek contribution to Indian Social and Culture – 2

Art and Architecture 8.         Structural Development: Building activities were started, several layers of constructions were found in excavations. Use of burnt bricks for flooring and roofing was found. Construction of brick walls were also found in the excavations. 9.         Pottery: Characteristic of pottery was red ware both plain and polished. Red pottery tecnic was found […]

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Indo-Greek contribution to Indian Social and Culture – 1

Adopting new culture: Sakas did not have their own culture for themselves, no script, no written language and no organized religion. Adopted the components of Indian Culture and became an integral part of Indian society.  Hence contributed to the Indian society. New Elements in Indian Society: Came as conquerors and completely absorbed in Indian Society […]

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Ancient India

Rigveda: It is the oldest religious text in the world. Also called as the first testament of mankind. It was composed during 1700 B. C. It is a collection of hymns by a number of priestly families, recited at the time of sacrificial rites. It contains 1017 hymns and is divided into 10 mandalas. The […]

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History of Archaeology – 6

Post-Independence era The Indian archaeology reached its present form of high level academic maturity after passing through various theoretical approaches and scientific discourses. The initiatives undertaken by the Asiatic Society led to the basic understanding of India and also paved a way for creation of colonial conceptions. The colonial conception were countered by nationalistic trends […]

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History of Archaeology – 5

Mortimer Wheeler: The British Government appointed Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler as the Director General of the Archaeological survey in 1944 to fulfill the recommendation made by the distinguished British archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley in 1939. The greatest contribution of Mortimer Wheeler is the introduction of scientific methods in Indian archaeology and the establishment of a […]

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History of Archaeology – 4

Robert Bruce Foote; The development of principles of stratigraphy in Geology in Europe also received some impetus in India. The surveyors in the Geological Survey took an intensive survey in documenting geological wealth and natural resources of India. Although prehistoric studies were neglected and remained in isolation, the efforts of Robert   Bruce Foote paid much […]

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History of Archaeology – 3

Alexander Cunningham: Among Prinsep’s colleagues, the notable on was a young military engineer Sir Alexander Cunningham. He came to India at the age of 18. In 1861, he became the first Archaeological Surveyor of the Archaeological Survey established under the Governor Generalship of Lord Canning. His primary concern was historical archaeology. During his tenure, the […]

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