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Russian Revolution – And Its Impact in India

Russia and the Revolutions (1900-24) In the yearly years of the twentieth century, Russia was in a troubled state. Nicholas II, who was Tsar(emperor) from 1894 until 1917, insisted on ruling as an autocrat, but he failed adequately to deal with the country’s problems. Unrest and criticism of the government reached the climax in 1905 […]

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KARL MARX AND SOCIALISM

Karl Marx, founder of scientific socialism, industrial revolution and democratic movements stimulated the study of social and economic history. In 1848, Engels and Marx issued the communist manifesto. In 1867, he published his first volume of his great work of political economy, ‘Das Kapital’. In this work, he explained the doctrines of socialism. The fundamental […]

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J.S.MILL – ROMANTIC IDEALISM

In Germany romantic idealism was popular. In England and France before it was enlightenment, romantic idealism was against enlightenment. Rousseau, the French philosopher was the founder of Romantic idealism. Its idea was to give freedom to individuals, innocence of primitive man. Rousseau believed that tyranny and wickedness were associated with advanced in civilizations. Rousseau’s slogan […]

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Karl Marx and Materialism

Until a decade or so ago, there was rather little Marxist analysis in “mainstream” American literary and social thought. This is not to say there were no Marxists: rather, the Marxists were always “voices crying in the wilderness”-not very many people paid heed to these voices or took them seriously. This has been changing in […]

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