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ADVENT OF ARYANS AND THE AGE OF RID VEDA

ADVENT OF ARYANS AND THE AGE OF RID VEDA Original home and identity The Aryans spoke the Indo-European languages, which are current in changed forms all over Europe, Iran and the greater part of the Indian continent. Aryans seems to be lived somewhere in the steppes stretching from southern Russia to Central Asia Certain names […]

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The Vedic literature

Vedic culture – Culture represented in vedas. The word vedas is derived from ‘vidi’ which means to know. Vedas are transferred from one generation to other verbally, and therefore it is also called as shruti or Revelation. The vedic literature is divided into 4 Vedas Brahmanas Aranyakas Upanishads The vedas: : They are divided into […]

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THE RELIGIOUS AND PHILOSOPHICAL LITERATURE DURING VEDIC PERIOD INTRODUCTION

Sanskrit literature is our primary source of information regarding the vedic society and culture of ancient India. It can be classified into two categories—Shruthi and smriti. Both categories have many religious and philosophical literatures .RELIGIOUS LITERATURES             VEDAS Vedas are the main religious literature of this period. The word “Veda” means knowledge. According to Hindus […]

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Religious & philosophical literature during Vedic period

The Vedic literature comprises : The Vedas or Samhitas The Brahmanas The Aranyakas The Upanishads The Vedas or Samhitas: Vedas are called “Apaurasheya” i.e. not created by man but God-gifted and “Nitya” i.e. existing in all eternity. The word ‘Veda‘ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Veda‘, means to know or knowledge per excellence. The Vedic texts are divided between […]

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History of Archaeology – 6

Post-Independence era The Indian archaeology reached its present form of high level academic maturity after passing through various theoretical approaches and scientific discourses. The initiatives undertaken by the Asiatic Society led to the basic understanding of India and also paved a way for creation of colonial conceptions. The colonial conception were countered by nationalistic trends […]

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History of Archaeology – 5

Mortimer Wheeler: The British Government appointed Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler as the Director General of the Archaeological survey in 1944 to fulfill the recommendation made by the distinguished British archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley in 1939. The greatest contribution of Mortimer Wheeler is the introduction of scientific methods in Indian archaeology and the establishment of a […]

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History of Archaeology – 4

Robert Bruce Foote; The development of principles of stratigraphy in Geology in Europe also received some impetus in India. The surveyors in the Geological Survey took an intensive survey in documenting geological wealth and natural resources of India. Although prehistoric studies were neglected and remained in isolation, the efforts of Robert   Bruce Foote paid much […]

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History of Archaeology – 3

Alexander Cunningham: Among Prinsep’s colleagues, the notable on was a young military engineer Sir Alexander Cunningham. He came to India at the age of 18. In 1861, he became the first Archaeological Surveyor of the Archaeological Survey established under the Governor Generalship of Lord Canning. His primary concern was historical archaeology. During his tenure, the […]

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History of Archaeology – 2

Sir William Jones; In September 1783, Sir William Jones (1746-94), one of the brilliant men of the18th century, came to Calcutta as Judge of the Supreme Court under the Governor-Generalship of Warren Hastings Jones was a linguistic genius who learnt all the European languages as well as Hebrew, Arabic, Persian and Turkish before coming to […]

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History of Archaeology – 1

The ancient Indian civilization differs from those of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece. Unlike other ancient civilizations, Indian has preserved its tradition without any cultural breakdown to the present day. The visible monuments like stupas, temples, mosques, front, rock-cut caves, pillars and other architectural edifices embedded with numerous inscriptions in different languages and script are always […]

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