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Harshavardhana Administration

Harsha was the head of the all administrative, legislative, judicial and the first commander in the chief of the army. He earned the titles of Maharajadhiraja and Parambhattaraka. He was assisted by a council of ministers, and advised the king on internal and external administration. Avanti was the officer to look after war and peace. […]

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Administration Mauryan Empire

MAURYAN ADMINISTRATION The Mauryan empire was the largest state in the whole of the ancient world, and they form a new government i.e., centralized government THE KINGS: • Kings were described as Devanampriya, beloved of the god. The king was the source and centre of all authority. • The king led a strenuous life and […]

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Formation of States in the Later Vedic Period

  Which period is considered as the later Vedic age? The period from 1000 to 600 B.C. is regarded as the period of the later Vedic age. It also covers the period of the epics, the age of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. What archaeological evidences of sources have we found from this period? The […]

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Archaeological Sources

Define Archaeology. Arkaos – Ancient Logos – Study The science which enables us to dig the old mound in a systematic manner in successful layers and to form an idea of the material life of the people is called ARCHAEOLOGY. What are Archaeological sources? The primary sources or evidences that support the theories of the […]

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PRE-HISTORY

PRE-HISTORY: The prehistory age is that age of human progress about which no historical evidence is available. It is only scanty archaeological finding, particularly certain tools and weapons which prove that man passed lakhs of years before he was able to develop what are now called culture and civilization of any sort. In India too, […]

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History of Archaeology – 6

Post-Independence era The Indian archaeology reached its present form of high level academic maturity after passing through various theoretical approaches and scientific discourses. The initiatives undertaken by the Asiatic Society led to the basic understanding of India and also paved a way for creation of colonial conceptions. The colonial conception were countered by nationalistic trends […]

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History of Archaeology – 5

Mortimer Wheeler: The British Government appointed Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler as the Director General of the Archaeological survey in 1944 to fulfill the recommendation made by the distinguished British archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley in 1939. The greatest contribution of Mortimer Wheeler is the introduction of scientific methods in Indian archaeology and the establishment of a […]

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History of Archaeology – 4

Robert Bruce Foote; The development of principles of stratigraphy in Geology in Europe also received some impetus in India. The surveyors in the Geological Survey took an intensive survey in documenting geological wealth and natural resources of India. Although prehistoric studies were neglected and remained in isolation, the efforts of Robert   Bruce Foote paid much […]

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History of Archaeology – 3

Alexander Cunningham: Among Prinsep’s colleagues, the notable on was a young military engineer Sir Alexander Cunningham. He came to India at the age of 18. In 1861, he became the first Archaeological Surveyor of the Archaeological Survey established under the Governor Generalship of Lord Canning. His primary concern was historical archaeology. During his tenure, the […]

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ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOURCES

SUMMARY – ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOURCES The science that enables us to dig the old mounds in a systematic manner in successive layers and to form an idea of the material life of the people is called Archaeology. Yet again history could be written from a number of sources which also include Archaeological Sources. These could be […]

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