Science and Technology in India

  1. Space Programme

– 28th October 2006,Indian space agency successfully tested the indigenous Cryogenic upper stage, for Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) in Mahendragiri , Tamil Nadu.

– Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched India’s advanced communication satellite, INSAT-4A, into space from French Guyana-22 December 2005.

-It was used for telecommunications and to monitor natural resources.

-First time on 10 January 2007,ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) carried a payload of four satellites.

-The heaviest PSLV-C7 was the advanced Indian Remote sensing GARTOSAT-2. It started sending pictures of the Indian land mass.

-The Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1), launched by PSLV-C7, was successfully recovered on 22 January 2007.

  1. Missile Research

-India achieved success in 1980 with its first launch vehicle –the four stage SLV-3 its advancement towards building more powerful launch vehicles as well as ballistic missiles. SLV-3 was the basis for the Agni missiles.

-Single stage Agni 1, with a range of 700km and the two stage Agni 2 with a range of 2,500km .The more powerful two-stage Agni 3 uses an entirely new first stage with double the diameter of the SLV-3 derived stage. Nine months after Agni 3’s unsuccessful maiden flight, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)  triumphed in its efforts to boost India’s long-range missile capabilities.

-The second launch of Agni 3 has been carried out soon successfully. “The ability to make the far larger rocket stage needed for Agni 3 is an important demonstration of DRDO’s mastery of solid propelsion technology.”

  1. Mission to Moon

Chandrayaan-1 will be the first Indian Mission to the Moon. It is planned to be launched by 2007-08 on board ISRO’s PSLV. It will be India’s first unmanned scientific mission to moon. The main objective of the mission is the investigation of the distribution of various minerals and chemical elements and high-resolution mapping of the entire lunar surface.

  1. Information Technology

-Information Technology (IT) has been leap-froging in India. India has become a global player in this field.

-Indian IT firms spent 61% of their budgets on IT in 2007, a dramatic rise from 6% in 2006! The comparative data from the US shows a rise from 13% in 2006 to 47% in 2007. Indian IT organizations are moving from Information Technology to innovative Business Technology (BT), for reinventing the former.

-This means IT sector is moving from electronic data processing to a seller of innovative solutions.

  1. Edu Sat

-The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched the Education Satellite (Edu Sat) on 20 September 2004. It is the world’s first satellite dedicated to education. It has made the possibilities for extended education unlimited.

-Hereafter, virtual classrooms could solve the perennial problem of low teacher-student ratio. Edu Sat beams lectures to 10,000 classrooms in technical universities, including Anna University, Chennai and Primary schools across the country.