PLO (Palestine Liberation Organisation)

The PLO is regarded as one of the most infamous terrorist organisation around the world. Created in 1964 during the Arab League summit in Cairo, the PLO originally stated goal was the “liberation of Palestine” through arm struggle while seeking to destroy the existence of Zionism in the Middle East.

It was long before that the group splintered into various factions, all of whom believe they knew the best way to achieve liberation for the Palestinians. The most notable of this group were PFLP, DFLP, PFLP and the FATAH. While each of these factions was independently controlled, they all remained more or less under the umbrella of the PLO.

In 1969, Arafat became chairman of the PLO Executive Committee, a position he still holds. The PLO chairman Arafat publically renounced terrorism in December 1988 on behalf of the PLO. The United States considers that all PLO groups are bound by Arafat reunification of terrorism. The US- PLO dialogue was suspended after PLO failed to condemn the 30 MAY 1990 PLF attack on Israel. This period of bloody conflict triggered a peace process, known as the Oslo Accords. The first Oslo Accord agreement was signed in 1993, and the second in 1995. In 1994, Yaser Arafat return to Gaza to head up the PA,  after being exiled for 27 years, after which Hamas took over.


  1. The Palestine national council
  2. The executive committee
  3. Central council
  4. Palestine liberation army

Currently, Mahmoud Abbas serves as the PLO Chairman and president of PA.


Lowe Norman, MODERN WORKD HISTORY, 2013, Replica Press PVT. LTD. Page (230- 238).