Satavahanas – Political History


In the northern part the Mauryas were succeeded by Shunkas and Kanvas.

  • In the north Deccan and Central was succeeded by Satavahanas.
  • Satavahanas are considered as Andhras.
  • During the period of Satavahanas the State formation started.
  • Growth Urbanisation also started which were proved by Iron plough share.  Paddy transplantation was initiated during this period

Material culture

  • Earliest inscription of Satavahanas belong to 1st century AD
  • Early Satavahanas ruled in north Maharashtra the earlier coins and inscriptions are found in upper Godavari Valley.
  • Then extended to Karnataka and Andhra.  Sakas were strong competitors, established in Western India. Shakas defeated Sathavahana from Maharastra and Western India.

Gauthamiputra Satakarni (A.D. 106 TO 130)

  • He defeated the Sakas and also many Kashtriya Rulers.
  • Nahapana who belong to Kshaharata  lineage  was also defeated by him. Because More than 8000 -silver coins of Nahapana  found in  Nasik were re-struck by Satakarni.
  • His empire extended to Malwa and Kathiawar which were under the control of the Sakas.  Hence it extended from Malwa  in the north to Karnataka in south up to Andhra Pradesh.
  • His immediate successor was Vashishta putra Pulumayi (A.D 130- 154). His inscriptions were found in Andhra. His Capital was at Paithan or pratishthan on the Godawari in Aurangabad District.
  • Rudradaman-1 (A.D 130 -150) the Shaka ruler defeated the Satavahana twice but did not destroy as they had matrimonial relations.
  • Yajna Sri Satakarni (A.D.165-194) the last great king of Satavahanas recovered North Konkan and Malwa from Shakas
  • He was a patron and trade navigation, is reflected in his coins with ship symbol.
  • His coins found in Andhra, Maharastra , Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Satavahana’s rule extended upto A.D 220.